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Issue 5

Global NEST Journal cover

Global NEST Journal

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Climate change and air pollution

Research on Carbon Emission Peaks in Large Energy Production Region in China —Based on the Open STIRPAT Model

by Wang Z. Wu Q. Ma S.

Environmental Management and Policies

The interdependence between different regions within a country has an important impact on the prediction of regional carbon emission peaks. In this paper, taking Shanxi Province, a large energy producing region in China, as an example, we select the driving factors to construct an open STIRPAT model...

open STIRPAT model,carbon peaking,forecasting, scenario analysis approach

Improving the energy efficiency and carbon dioxide reduction of a long-haul bus through aerodynamic design optimization

by Sunil S. Arunachalam K.

Global Environmental Change

Exhaustion of fossil fuel resources, inconsistent fuel costs and the difficulty of adopting electric vehicle technology in commercial vehicles support the idea that there is an opportunity for research in public transit regarding the correlation between energy efficiency and aerodynamic drag. The...

Aerodynamic drag Carbon dioxide emissions +3 more

Environmental emission characteristics of diesel engine performance using biodiesel by cotton and pumpkin seed

by Sivakumar A. Subbarayan M. Sankarapandian S. Seenivasan M.

Air Quality

The hunt for alternative fuels that may be utilized in place of conventional fuels is intensifying quickly since the availability of fossil fuels is dwindling daily. In this work, biodiesel derived from pumpkin and cotton seed oils is presented for use as diesel engine fuel. Related to diesel, the...

Biodiesel Cotton Seed Oil +2 more

Theoretical Investigation of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Oriented to Automotive Applications

by Anandkumar G. Ramakrishnan S. Arivarasan N. Annamalai K.

Environmental Health

Because of their efficiency and low environmental effect, proton exchange membrane fuel cells, or PEMFCs, are discussed in this abstract as a viable renewable energy source. The paper investigates PEMFCs theoretically, delving into their electrochemical mechanisms and developing a MATLAB simulation...

Fuel cells Electrodes +3 more

An Encompassing of two Biofuel – Diesel Blend’s in D.I. Diesel Engine for Reduced Air Pollution Emission

by Anandavelu K. Viswanath K.

Air Quality

The study explores the usage of Diesel Fuel (DF) blends in conjunction with two biofuels, eucalyptus and turpentine oil, in diesel engines to address the reduction of air pollutants such as Carbon Monoxide (CO), Nitrogen Oxides (NOX), Unburned Hydrocarbons (UBHC), and smoke density. Results indicate...

air pollution Turpentine oil +3 more

Comparative Assessment of Amine-Based Absorption and Calcium Looping Techniques for Optimizing Energy Efficiency in Post-Combustion Carbon Capture


Ratchagaraja Dhairiyasamy et al. View all

Climate change mitigation and adaptation

The escalating levels of atmospheric CO2 have underscored the necessity for developing effective carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies. This study investigates the advancements in post-combustion CO2 capture technologies, specifically examining the efficiency of amine-based absorption and...

An intelligent air quality monitoring system using quality indicators and Transfer learning based Lightweight recurrent network with skip connection


Subramanian P et al. View all

Air Quality

Rapid industrialization and urbanization have resulted in poor air quality, which poses a risk to human health by causing a variety of lung diseases. The precise forecast of air quality is of practical importance. Consequently, the development of an automated air pollution monitoring system based on...

air quality Deep learning +3 more

Study on the Initial Allocation of Carbon Emission Rights Applicable to China's National Conditions: from the Perspective of Comprehensive Principles


An Xingcai et al. View all

Climate change mitigation and adaptation

The scientific and reasonable allocation of initial carbon emission rights is the foundation of establishing and perfecting the carbon trading system, which is directly associated with the completion of carbon emission reduction targets. Guided by the rational distribution of China's carbon emission...

The impacts of green finance on regional carbon emission:Evidence from China


Lingjuan Xu Associate professor et al. View all

Environmental Management and Policies

Green finance has become an important tool for the low-carbon development in China. This research constructs a comprehensive indicator system, and carefully describes the spatial characteristics of green finance and carbon emissions in China from 2012 to 2021. Then, the dynamic SDM and the mediating...

carbon emission Green Finance +2 more

Solid waste management

Differential growth and metal uptake efficiency of castor bean genotypes on a lead contaminated soil

by Naveed S. Mahmood S. Ishaque W.

Soil and groundwater contamination and remediation

Present study investigated the unknown responses of five castor bean genotypes to lead (Pb) contaminated soil, focusing on their growth and metal uptake efficiency. A unique aspect is the simultaneous assessment of multiple genotypes, offering a holistic view of their reactions to soil contamination...

Castor bean lead uptake +4 more

Non-competitive and competitive sorption of imidacloprid and KNO3 into soils and their effects on the germination of wheat plants (Triticum aestivum L.)


Fouad Mohamed R. et al. View all

Soil and groundwater contamination and remediation

The non-competitive and competitive adsorption/desorption of agrochemicals into soil plays an important role in the fate and behaviour of contaminants in the environment. Non-competitive and competitive adsorption/desorption experiments of imidacloprid and KNO3 into alluvial soil and sandy soil were...

sorption Imidacloprid +4 more

Enhancing biomethane quality via the activation of natural zeolite from Lombok Island


Hendry Sakke Tira et al. View all

Sustainable Energy

This study presents the results of the biogas purification test using the fixed-bed column method. As an adsorbent, natural zeolite from the Lombok island Indonesia was used. Zeolite is used for the purpose of purifying biogas produced from the anaerobic digestion (AD) process. To enhance the...

biogas purification Lombok zeolite +2 more

Circular economy

Perceptions of Environmental Sustainability and Luxury: Influences on Organic Food Buying Behavior among Millennials and Generation Z in Greece

by Skordoulis M. Panagiotakopoulou K. Manolis D. Papagrigoriou A. Kalantonis P.

Ecology, environmental change and management

The generational cohorts known as Millennials and Generation Z exhibit distinct behaviors and attitudes, differing significantly from older generations in various aspects including environmental perceptions and purchasing behaviors. Notably, organic foods are sometimes associated with luxury, as...

organic foods luxury foods +6 more

Environment friendly sustainable concrete produced from marble waste powder

by Rajesh A. Prasanthni P. Senthilkumar S. Priya B.

Environmental Management and Policies

Concrete is an indispensable construction material renowned for its versatility and durability, yet its traditional components pose significant environmental challenges. The cement industry is a major emitter of CO2, while the extensive extraction of natural aggregates depletes finite resources. In...

MWP Marble Waste Powder +5 more

Structural Performance of Cinder Aggregate Lightweight Concrete Beams with Micro-reinforcement


K. Sadhana et al. View all

Solid Waste Management

Conventional concrete is heavy which contributes to more dead load, resulting in higher cost of construction, more labour, difficulty in transportation of materials and so on. These impediments can be reduced by using lightweight concrete instead of the conventional concrete. In this study, an...

Cinder aggregate Deformation characteristics +4 more

Water and wastewater

Unveiling the industrial photocatalytic dye degradation of textile effluents using tailored eco-friendly AgO Nanoparticles

by Subbulakshmi A. Sreenivasan V.

Water and Wastewater Treatment

In this study, tamarind leaf extract was used to effectively produce silver oxide (AgO) nanoparticles. Crystal violet (CV), Alizarin red (AR), Reactive black (RB), and rhodamine b (Rh B) degradation were examined to evaluate the effectiveness of AgO NPs. XRD patterns, UV-visible spectroscopy...

Textile effluents Dye Degradation +4 more

Evaluation of Electro-Fenton Process for Removal of Amoxicillin from Simulated Wastewater


Ghazi Faisal Naser et al. View all

Water and Wastewater Treatment

The purpose of this work is to examine the efficiency of the Electro-Fenton process (Fenton oxidation) for the elimination of amoxicillin from simulated wastewater through response surface methodology (RSM). The effect three operating parameters that were selected for this evaluation were...

Antibiotics wastewater treatment +4 more

Prediction of the effect of adsorption on the retention of organic compounds by NF/RO using QSPR-ANN


merarsi nechoua et al. View all

Environmental data analysis and modelling

Understanding the retention of organic compounds (OCs) is critical for membrane applications in water recycling. The objective of this study was to create an optimized model using Artificial Neural Networks for Quantitative Structure-Property Relationship (QSPR-ANN) to predict the effect of...

Modelisation hydrophobic adsorption +6 more

Composite electrospun membranes based on PET-PAN modified with LDH-hybrid as promising adsorbent for pollutants removal from wastewater


Abdul Majeed Pirzada et al. View all

Nanomaterials in the environment: applications and effects

The current work reveals the fabrication of a novel nanofiber composite membrane of PET-PAN modified with Mg-Al-LDH-PVA through electrospinning process. The nanocomposite membranes characterization was conducted with different techniques i.e. SEM, EDS, FTIR, XRD, and water contact angle to evaluate...

Electrospun membranes Nanocomposite polymers +3 more

Accessing the Potential of Bismuth Oxide Nanosheets for an incredible revelation in the removal of contamination in water bodies


Mohammed Kuku et al. View all

Water treatment

Water contamination is a pressing global issue with far-reaching environmental, health, and socio-economic consequences. As the demand for clean water intensifies, researchers are exploring innovative nanomaterials to develop efficient and sustainable water treatment technologies. The Bismuth oxide...

Bi2O3 nanosheets Moringa oleifera seed +3 more

The Maharashtra River Basin's Flood-Drought-Water Scarcity Nexus

by Manisha S.P. Jagadish P. Prashant P. Pratibha D. Abhijit P.A. Prashant P.P. Alok S. Riyajuddin M.

Floods, Droughts and Water scarcity

India's droughts and floods, which have affected 8 million hectares yearly since the 1950s, make future adaptation and mitigation plans necessary, as well as an awareness of potential changes. In order to address the growing issues of flood and drought events in urban settings, the study emphasizes...

Climate-responsive policies Flood Draught Water Scarcity +3 more

Urbanizational impact on climatic variables and geographical analysis of physical land use land cover variation of a city using Remote Sensing.


Santhana Iyyappa Sundararaj S et al. View all

Climate change mitigation and adaptation

Climate change has serious implications foron the rise and variation of the average earth’s temperature, and intensified rainfall. In urban areas, temperatures and intensified rainfall variation are noticeably seenin the city which disrupts the normal life of a living things. Also, it affects the...

Urbanization Climate change +3 more

The modeling of the Organic Molecules Rejection using the Bootstrap Aggregated Neural Networks for the evaluation of the Forward Osmosis Process performance


kratbi fouad et al. View all

Water and Wastewater Treatment

The forward osmosis process is currently more studied to be a replacement for another consuming-energy process, for this, many works show up the rejection of different molecules, energy consumption, and modeling of different objectives related to FO process. Our study consists to model the rejection...

Modeling Organic molecules +3 more

Preparation of biochar-loaded nano zero-valent iron electrode material and its electrocatalytic degradation of p-nitrophenol


Jiankun Zhang et al. View all

Water and Wastewater Treatment

Electrochemical treatment of wastewater containing p-nitrophenol (PNP) was carried out using a platinum electrode as an anode and biochar-loaded nano zero-valent iron material as the cathode. The prepared biochar loaded nano zero valent iron electrode materials were characterized and analyzed using...

electrochemistry P-nitrophenol +1 more

Electrochemical Treatment for Real Hospital Wastewater and its Future Prospect


Yudha Gusti Wibowo et al. View all

Water and Wastewater Treatment

Purpose: This study investigates the efficacy of electrochemical remediation techniques in treating hospital wastewater, focusing on parameters including turbidity, color, BOD, COD, DO, coliform, and E. coli. Design/Methodology/Approach: The study conducts a comprehensive analysis of various...

Hospital wastewater electrochemical treatment +2 more

Hydrological study and assessment of water budget for Erbil basin, Kurdistan region, Iraq


jwan sabah mustafa et al. View all

Environmental data analysis and modelling

This research is conducted on Erbil basin, it is located in northern part of Iraq, the basin is composed of three main sub-basins which are: Northern part (Kapran), Central sub-basin and Southern part (Bashtepa) respectively. The total area of three sub-basins are approximately (3,200 km2). The main...

Hydrological study Evaporation +5 more

Water Quality Index Prediction and Classification using Hyperparameter Tuned Deep Learning Approach


Sathya Preiya V. M et al. View all

Water Quality

Water quality (WQ) is hugely important for animals, humans, plants, industries, and the environment. In the past few years, the WQ has been compressed by pollution and contamination. Usually, WQ is assessed utilizing costly laboratory and arithmetical processes, making real observation ineffective...

water quality Index Deep learning +3 more

Physicochemical Variation of Water, Diversity, and Bacterial Community Structure in Post-coal Mining Ponds of Different Ages in Samarinda, East Kalimantan, Indonesia


Eko Kusumawati et al. View all

Water Quality

This study aims to determine physicochemical variation of water, diversity, and community structure of bacteria at post-coal mining ponds of various ages located in Samarinda, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Bacteria species were identified using a metagenomic approach on the Next-Generation Sequencing...

open-cut coal mining coal mine +3 more