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Cationic Dye Removal By Sugarcane Bagasse Activated Carbon From Aqueous Solution

Paper Topic: 
Water and Wastewater Treatment

Pages :
784 - 795

Corresponing Author: 
Riham Hazzaa
Hazzaa R. and Hussein M.
Paper ID: 
Paper Status: 
Date Paper Accepted: 
Paper online: 

Low cost agricultural waste adsorbents can be viable alternatives to activated carbon for the treatment of contaminated wastewater. Sugarcane Bagasse, an abundant agriculture waste in Egypt, was used in the present study to prepare activated carbon. Batch adsorption experiments were conducted to study its effectiveness to remove cationic dye methylene blue from aqueous solution. The effects of initial dye concentrations, agitation time, solution pH and temperature on methylene blue dye removal were investigated. The optimum pH value for the maximum percentage removal of the dye was 7. Adsorption isotherms were determined and modeled with Redlich–Peterson, Langmuir and Freundlich equations at 20ºC.The kinetic data were analyzed using Pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order. The mechanism of the adsorption process was determined from the intraparticle diffusion model. Thermodynamic parameters such as standard enthalpy (ΔH°), standard entropy (ΔS°) and free energy (ΔG°) were determined.  The equilibrium data were best fitted to the Redlich–Peterson isotherm model .The adsorption kinetics was found to follow the pseudo-second-order kinetic model with good correlation coefficient. The positive ΔH value indicated that the adsorption process was endothermic in nature. The results revealed sugarcane bagasse activated carboncould be employed as a low-cost alternative adsorbent in wastewater treatment. 


Activated carbon, Methylene blue, Adsorption, Isotherm, Kinetics.