Member's Area - Login/Register

An Empirical Decomposition of Deep Groundwater Time Series and Possible Link to Climate Variability

Paper Topic: 
Water Resources Management

Pages :
87 - 103

Corresponing Author: 
Uma Seeboonruang
Seeboonruang U.
Paper ID: 
Paper Status: 
Date Paper Accepted: 
Paper online: 

Deep groundwater data reflects hydrological processes, climate change and variability, as well as any anthropogenic influence. Decomposition of deep groundwater signal examines the history of the groundwater region. Detrending is a vital step in decomposition of groundwater time series because it is expected to remove anthropogenic effects and long-term cyclic patterns. Eight detrending methods were applied to long-term groundwater records monitored in the Lower Chao Phraya basin in Thailand. Detrended residuals and subsequently periodograms of the residuals were computed by applying the Fourier series analysis. The result from this study indicates that the 5th order polynomial interpolation provides the trendlines that significantly relate to the groundwater withdrawal background. The detrended residual function is imbedded with two major cyclic patterns, which can be the result from global climate variability, e.g. Indian Ocean Dipole and the El Niño Southern Oscillation. The magnitude of deep groundwater dynamics as the result from the anthropogenic effect is much greater than that of the climate variability in this region. In addition, this study demonstrates that caution must be exercised when fitting groundwater time series with different detrending techniques can yield mistaken cyclic patterns and may infer to different climate variability phenomenon.

Climate variability, correlation, decomposition, detrending, periodogram, time series