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Biosorption of heavy metal ions from the aqueous solutions using groundnut shell activated carbon: batch adsorption, kinetic and thermodynamic studies

Paper Topic: 
Water and Wastewater Treatment

Pages :
729 - 742

Corresponing Author: 
D. Zunaithur Rahman
Sathees Kumar. V, Gokulan. R, Geetha. M.B, Zunaithur Rahman. D
Paper ID: 
Paper Status: 
Date Paper Accepted: 
Paper online: 
Visual abstract: 

Batch adsorption studies of heavy metals were carried out using activated charcoal groundnut shell powder as an adsorbent material. The groundnut shell was collected and synthesized by chemical synthesis to convert it into charcoal form. The prepared adsorbent’s pore size & surface area was analyzed by BET surface analysis using N2 – adsorption & desorption process. XRD techniques analyzed the crystalline structure of charcoal adsorbent, and the functional groups & behaviour of the surface were analyzed through FTIR, SEM, and EDX analysis. The optimum adsorption parameters of pH, temperature, time of contact between adsorbent and adsorbate, groundnut shell dose, and metal ion concentrations were obtained from the batch studies, and the mass transfer mechanism and rate-controlling step was identified by isotherm and kinetic studies. Thermodynamic studies confirm the endothermic nature of the adsorption process between adsorbent and adsorbate, and the spent metal ions have been recovered using concentrated sulfuric acid.

Industrial effluent, Heavy metals, Groundnut shell powder, Batch adsorption, Desorption, Thermodynamics