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Heavy metals risk assessment in water and bottom sediments of ICOLLs in Northern Poland

Paper Topic: 
CEST2017 - Heavy metals in the environment

Pages :
438 - 448

Corresponing Author: 
Aleksander Astel
Astel A. Bigus K., Obolewski K., Niedzielski P., Stec M., Astel K., Tsakovski S.
Paper ID: 
Paper Status: 
Date Paper Accepted: 
Paper online: 

Natural diversity of intermittently closed and open lakes and lagoons (ICOLLs) depends on mutual interactions of several factors: (i) an impact of sea water and land background; (ii) temporary meteorological situation; (iii) hydrological conditions; and (iv) the shape of lake basin. However, some regional, local or even sudden impacts including anthropogenic ones create their final ecological status. To identify heavy metals risk assessment in ICOLLs located in Polish coastline wide range of them were determined in water and bottom sediment samples collected in 10 water reservoirs. Multidimensional data set of 20 variables was explored by the use of chemometrics according to seasonality (Spring, Summer, Autumn), sample type (water, sediment) and level of isolation (fully isolated, partially and fully connected lakes). The results showed that 70.5% and 77% of the data variance can be explained by the use of principal component analysis for waters and sediments, respectively. Waters of fully isolated or partially connected lakes are more abundant with Ir, Nd and Sm, while less abundant with Pr and Sr. Bottom sediments taken from Jamno lake show significant contamination by heavy metals of the highest environmental concern (Al, Cr, Cu, Ni, Ti and Zn).

Baltic Sea, coastal lakes and lagoons, heavy metals, multivariate analysis, spatiotemporal variation