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Activated rice husk biochar for azo dye removal: batch adsorption, kinetics and thermodynamic studies

Thematic area: 
Water and wastewater
 
Paper Topic: 
Water and Wastewater Treatment
 

Pages :
-

Corresponing Author: 
Arivumani V
 
Authors: 
Arivumani V, Vikash Singh, Geetha C and Senthilkumar C
Paper ID: 
gnest_05498
Paper Status: 
Proof
Date Paper Accepted: 
01-01-2024
Paper online: 
13/01/2024
Visual abstract: 
Abstract: 

The study aimed to analyze the adsorption behaviour of an activated rice husk biochar adsorbent in batch mode to expunge azo dye concentrations depletion from liquid solvents. The biochar adsorbent was formulated using different chemical synthesis processes, and its surface region was assessed using Nitrogen retention. The existence of the particular azo dyes was verified through SEM and EDX examinations. Additionally, XRD analysis was conducted to examine the intensity and crystalline structure of the activated biochar adsorbent. A batch mode study was conducted to ascertain the ideal adsorption parameters, including pH, contact time, biochar dose, and azo dye concentration. The adsorption kinetic studies supported the notion of a favourable adsorption interaction occurring through the mutual influence of the adsorbed matter and the adsorbing substrate. Most isotherm studies were well-fitted with regression values of isotherm models, indicating an adsorption process with non-uniform monolayer formation. Thermodynamic investigations validated that the binding forces between the adsorptive and the adsorbing phase are endothermic, and a significant amount of spent adsorbent was successfully recovered using a strong hydrochloric acid desorption process.

Keywords: 
Biosorption, Rice Husk ash, Azo dyes, Batch studies, Kinetic modelling, Desorption

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