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Environmental effect of heavy metals deposition in arid city

Paper Topic: 
Air Quality
 

Pages :
-

Corresponing Author: 
Yuyan Liu
 
Authors: 
Liu Y., Shen Y., Fu B., Liu C., Liu H., Zhao Z., Zhang L.
Paper ID: 
gnest_03143
Paper Status: 
In press
Date Paper Accepted: 
21/09/2019
Paper online: 
04/10/2019
Abstract: 

This paper analysis the contents and variation of heavy metals in wet and dry deposition in Changji (Xinjiang, China) revealed their reducing regularity for heavy metals in atmosphere in arid area. Samples (including 84 dry deposition samples and 16 wet deposition samples) were collected from January 2016 to December 2016, and the contents of heavy metals (Ni, Cu, Cd and Pb) were analyzed by AA-7000 atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The dry deposition fluxes of Ni, Cu, Cd and Pb are 3.70 mg/( m2.a), 4.81 mg/( m2. a), 0.53 mg/( m2•a) and 22.74 mg/( m2•a), respectively; the wet deposition fluxes of Ni, Cu, Cd and Pb are 0.77mg/( m2•a), 3.25mg/( m2•a), 0.04mg/( m2•a) and 0.11mg/( m2•a), respectively. Each of the four heavy metals deposition fluxes during heating period was higher than non-heating period, especially for Pb and Cd, which is mainly due to the emission of coal combustion for heating. During sampling periods, the ratio of wet deposition flux to total for Ni, Cu, Cd and Pb are 17.21%, 40.33%, 7.67% and 0.48%, respectively; the wet deposition flux is far less than dry deposition, especially for Pb. The rate of dry deposition is lower than wet deposition, however dry deposition plays an important role in scavenging heavy metals in arid region. Arid region has a low intensity and frequency of rain event, heavy metals were mainly scavenging by dry deposition attribute to its continuous and dependable process. Dry deposition has much more environmental effect on heavy metal in arid region.

Keywords: 
arid area, heavy metal, dry deposition, wet deposition, environmental effect