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Comparative impact of different iso-osmotic solutions on osmotic adjustment in Gossypium barbadense

Paper Topic: 
Multidisciplinary research in environmental science
 

Pages :
-

Corresponing Author: 
Amany Abeed
 
Authors: 
Abeed A., Dawood M.
Paper ID: 
gnest_03106
Paper Status: 
Proof
Date Paper Accepted: 
10/01/2020
Paper online: 
22/01/2020
Abstract: 

To discriminate the specific response of ion toxicity versus osmotic stress on altering leaf solute contents, contributing of organic and/or inorganic components in osmotic adjustment and its reflection on plant performances under ionic and osmotic stresses, two cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.) cultivars, Giza 90 and Giza 83, were subjected to iso-osmotic concentration (–0.57 and –1.05 MPa) created by; NaCl, KCl and polyethylene glycol-6000. The three used osmotica altered seedling length, chlorophyll, leaf dry weight, relative water content, organic and inorganic solutes and proline. Contribution of organic solutes to osmotic adjustment tittered among the two cultivars, it was higher in PEG˃ KCl˃ NaCl in Giza 83, suggesting that the character of osmotic adjustment via salt attuned to high yield with moderate ion toxicity is effectively achieved by KCl than NaCl. At high-stress intensities, regardless to cultivar, the salt stress-induced nutritional imbalance, leaf chlorosis than osmotic stress that could be attributed to specific ion toxicity, not to osmotic stress of salt. In salt sensible cultivar only NaCl, among different osmotica, reduced leaf K+ content implying that avoidance of Na-induced K+ deficiency in leaf might stimulate salt tolerance in cotton. In our study, the capacity of plants to regulate their metabolic and physiological functions had superiority in water stress tolerance rather than osmotic adjustment.

Keywords: 
osmotic adjustment, organic acids, osmotic stress, salt stress, proline, sugars, ion toxicity, solutes content, relative water content