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Electricity Generation and Color Removal at Sulfate-Reducing Conditions in Microbial Fuel Cell

Paper Topic: 
Water and Wastewater Treatment

Pages :
381 - 388

Corresponing Author: 
Kevser Cirik
Akgül V., Cırık K., Duyar A., Basak S., Akman D.
Paper ID: 
Paper Status: 
Date Paper Accepted: 
Paper online: 

The main aim of this study is to investigate the simultaneous azo dye removal and bioelectricity production at sulfate reducing conditions in continuously-fed dual-chamber microbial fuel cell (MFC). Initially, optimization of sulfate reduction was performed at different sulfate concentrations (100-900 mg/L) and the constant COD of 1000 mg/L, corresponding to COD/sulfate ratio of 1.11-10, and varying HRT of 12-48h. Optimum COD/sulfate ratio and HRT was found 1.66 and 36h, respectively, corresponding to 96% COD removal, 44% sulfate removal and yielded about 24 W/m2 power density. Further, MFC was fed with azo dye containing (50-1000 mg/L) simulated wastewater to evaluate dye removal performance of sulfate reducing bacteria. Addition of azo dye slightly enhanced the power production to 26 W/m2, the highest value obtained during our study, compared to azo dye lacking study periods. Sulfate and COD removals were adversely affected at azo dye concentrations over 300 mg/L and 150 mg/L, respectively. Additionally, color removal performance of MFC was excellent however, chemical azo dye reduction out-competed with enzymatic reduction at high azo dye levels (>500 mg/L) leading to a poor sulfate (<15%) and COD (<45%) removal and recovery of azo dye reduction efficiency to 91%.

color, electricity generation,microbial fuel cell, sulfate