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Using wood and bone ash to remove metal ions from solutions

Paper Topic: 
General
 
Volume: 
 
Issue: 
 

Pages :
205 - 217

Authors: 
Chojnacka K. and Michalak I.
Paper ID: 
582
Paper Status: 
Published
Abstract: 

In the present work, wood and bone ash were used to remove metal cations from solutions.
Cation-removal capacity of the ashes was analyzed by potentiometric titration. It was found
that the capacity of wood ash was two times higher (37.3 meq g-1) than bone ash (15.2 meq g-1).
Kinetics of metal ions removal by both ashes was described with pseudo-second order
equation and Langmuir model was employed to describe equilibrium of the process. Wood
ash had better removal properties than bone ash - at the same experimental conditions
biosorption capacity at equilibrium for wood ash was 2 times higher (244 mg g-1) than for bone
ash (123 mg g-1).
Promising results were also obtained for wood ash, which was capable of removing 67.9 % of
Zn(II) ions, 70.4 % of Cd(II) ions, 92.8 % of Cu(II) ions and 99.1 % of Cr(III) ions from model
solution of wastewater from metallurgical industry and 84.5 % of Cr(III) ions from the postbiosorption
solution from the production process of biological feed additives. The utilization of
ashes of biological origin was found to be a promising alternative to conventional processes
of wastewater treatment.

Keywords: 
wood and bone ash, kinetics, equilibrium, Cr(III), Cd(II), Zn(II), Cu(II), Ni(II) ions, removal of toxic metal ions, wastewater

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