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Issue 1

Global NEST Journal cover

Global NEST Journal

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Issue on Disinfection By-Products


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Simultaneous Compliance of TOC and Turbidity Related to Pathogen Breakthrough and THMs Control by Enhanced Coagulation


Rizzo L., Belgiorno V. and Casale R.


Since discovery of harmful disinfection by products (DBPs) like trihalomethanes (THMs) and haloacetic acids (HAAs) in chlorinated waters the removal of organic DBPs precursors gained priority in drinking water treatment. Historically, coagulation process was arranged to remove turbidity, typically...

enhanced coagulation pathogens control +2 more

Volatile organic compounds in the finished water of the water treatment plant in Thessaloniki, Greece


Xanthopoulou N.J., Papagianni M.V., Papaioannou A. and Haralambidou A.


Chlorination has been the most widely used technology for the disinfection of drinking water around the world. The main purpose for the disinfection of drinking water is to protect it against microbial contamination in the distribution systems and to prevent or at least control re-growth of...

THMs VOCs +4 more

Formation of DBPs in the drinking eater of Athens, Greece: a Ten-Year study


Golfinopoulos S. and Nikolaou A.D.


The formation of Disinfection By-Products (DBPs) in drinking water results from the reaction of chlorine or other disinfectants added to the water with naturally occurring organic materials, and has raised concerns during the last decades because these compounds are harmful for human health. During...

Chlorination Trihalomethanes +3 more

Formation of chlorinated organics in drinking water of Instanbul (Turkey) and Salerno (Italy)


Rizzo L., Selcuk H., Nikolaou A., Belgiorno V., Bekbolet M. and Meric S.


The occurrence of THMs and HAAs, and other volatile organics in Istanbul (Turkey) and Salerno (Italy) surface water resources was investigated by the previous and present data obtained on raw, coagulated, pre-chlorinated, pre-ozonated water samples. The present drinking water directives/regulations...

chlorinated by-products TTHM formation potential +4 more

Optimization of methods for the determination of DBPs


Cancho B. and Ventura F.


Chloroform and other bromochlorotrihalomethanes were first identified as disinfection byproducts (DBPs) in chlorinated water in 1970s. Since then, many other DBPs have been identified such as haloacetonitriles, haloacetaldehydes, cyanogen halides, aldehydes, ketoacids, chlorite, bromate and other...

analytical methods DBPs +3 more

Aldehydes formation during water disinfection by ozonation and chlorination process


Dabrowska A., Kasprzyk Hordern B. and Nawrocki J.


The goal of this paper is an investigation into the influence of disinfection with ozone, chlorine (Cl2) and chlorine dioxide (ClO2) on the aldehydes formation. Three types of waters were treated with different doses of these disinfectants. The results obtained indicate that the level of carbonyls...

disinfection chlorine +4 more

Analytics of MX and NDMA, two disinfection byproducts, in water


Andrzejewski P. and Nawrocki J.


MX (3-Chloro-4-(Dichloromethyl)-5-Hydroxy-2(5H)-Furanone) and NDMA (N,N-dimethyl-Nnitrosoamine) are disinfection by-products, which are formed during NOM’s and other water containing precursors reaction with chlorine. Both, due to their potential carcinogenic and mutagenic properties were placed on...

N-Nitrosomethylethylamine (NMEA) and N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA), two new potential disinfection byproducts; formation during water disinfection with chlorine


Andrzejewski P., Kasprzyk-Hordern B. and Nawrocki J.


(NMEA) and N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) are highly mutagenic compounds that are suspected of carcinogenic activity to the human body. The aim of the paper is the evaluation of the possibility of N-nitrosomethylethylamine and N-nitrosodiethylamine formation as a result of the reaction of...

Nitrosamines water disinfection +7 more