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Technological interventions for livelihood development and climate change mitigation in Indian North-Western Himalayas

Paper Topic: 
Climate Change Impacts and Societal Adaptation in the Indian Subcontinent

Pages :
50 - 60

Corresponing Author: 
Kaur M.J. (Dr. Maninder Jeet Kaur)
Kaur M.J. and Singh L.
Paper ID: 
Paper Status: 
Date Paper Accepted: 
Paper online: 

The technology transfer for rural livelihood development had greater impact to protect microclimatic conditions which further affects the microflora and microbial activities to larger extent in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR). The technological interventions were made by the Himalayan Research Group organization which helped in economic upliftment of rural poor, women empowerment and in environment protection in hill region. The major activities are Passive Solar Retrofitting (namely, Thermosyphoning Air heat Panel (TAP), Trombe Wall (TW), and Sun Spaces (SS)) fodder development, vermicompost biotechnology, button mushroom cultivation and protected cultivation for climate change mitigation and adaptations. The solar retrofits reduced estimated 4.97 tones carbon emission per household during six winter months which helped in reducing the fuel wood consumption. Improved varieties of different fodder spp. were introduced for year round green fodder availability and reduce soil erosion and reduction in tree lopping. Fodder choppers and silage preparation was popularized to contain the fodder wastage. Vermicompost biotechnology was popularized among farmers to reduce the use of chemical fertilizers for improving the quality of soil. The button mushroom cultivation was used for conversion of agriculture residue into compost making by reducing crop residue burning which increases carbon emission. Protected cultivation in local made polyhouse was popularized to generate maximum returns from small piece of land through cut flower and vegetable cultivation and by raising plant nurseries. 

Solar passive retrofitting, thermosyphoning air heat panel (TAP), trombe wall (TW), sun spaces (SS), carbon emission, fodder species, button mushroom cultivation, vermicompost, polyhouse.