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Ozone pre-oxidation of a textile industry wastewater for acute toxicity removal

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Pages :
95 - 102

Selcuk H. and Meric S.
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In this work, pre-ozonation for degradation, decolourization and detoxicifying of a raw textile
wastewater collected in a textile fininshing industry, Istanbul (Turkey) is investigated. Differing
from the previous studies, a low ozone (O3) flow rate (9.6 mg min-1) was applied at original pH
of the wastewater. The effect of pH varying from 5 to 11 and the H2O2 dose of 600 mg l-1 on
ozone oxidation were also investigated. The acute toxicity of raw and treated wastewater
samples were measured using 24 h newborn Daphnia magna. COD, colour in APHA Pt-Co
(platin-cobalt) unit and absorbance at 450, 500 and 550 nm wave lengths which were
coinciding the peak absorbance band of the raw wastewater were analyzed in treated
A 60% of acute toxicity, 92% of and 50% of total COD removal were obtained at original pH
of wastewater by applying ozone for 30 min. Absorbed ozone dose was 105 mg l-1 with a
ozone transfer rate of 3.5 mg l-1. Varying pH did not improve toxicity removal, however,
soluble COD removal increased at 3 and 6% respectively for 9.0 and 11.0 values while colour
removal increased (7%) only at 11.0 pH. Adding 600 mg l-1 of H2O2 increased COD removal
at 10% after 20 min oxidation. Colour removal increase was more significant in O3/H2O2
oxidation in parallel with the increase in absorbance kinetics.
All over results obtained this study are expected to contribute to control the textile industry
wastewater pollution and to protect aquatic environment.

textile wastewater, pre-ozonation, ozone/H2O2 advanced oxidation, pH effect, biodegradation, detoxification, colour removal, Daphnia magna