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Solid waste management

Solid waste management

Exploration of Composting Strategies for Sustainable Organic Waste Management in Urban Environments

by Sharma P. Nagabhooshanam N. Kumar R. Sharma K. Vani S.

Solid Waste Management

The management of organic waste in urban environments poses significant challenges due to the high volume of waste generated and limited disposal options. Composting is a promising technique for converting organic waste into valuable compost that can be used to improve soil health and reduce the...

composting Organic waste management +4 more

Differential growth and metal uptake efficiency of castor bean genotypes on a lead contaminated soil

by Naveed S. Mahmood S. Ishaque W.

Soil and groundwater contamination and remediation

Present study investigated the unknown responses of five castor bean genotypes to lead (Pb) contaminated soil, focusing on their growth and metal uptake efficiency. A unique aspect is the simultaneous assessment of multiple genotypes, offering a holistic view of their reactions to soil contamination...

Castor bean lead uptake +4 more

Non-competitive and competitive sorption of imidacloprid and KNO3 into soils and their effects on the germination of wheat plants (Triticum aestivum L.)

by

Fouad Mohamed R. et al. View all

Soil and groundwater contamination and remediation

The non-competitive and competitive adsorption/desorption of agrochemicals into soil plays an important role in the fate and behaviour of contaminants in the environment. Non-competitive and competitive adsorption/desorption experiments of imidacloprid and KNO3 into alluvial soil and sandy soil were...

sorption Imidacloprid +4 more

Enhancing biomethane quality via the activation of natural zeolite from Lombok Island

by

Hendry Sakke Tira et al. View all

Sustainable Energy

This study presents the results of the biogas purification test using the fixed-bed column method. As an adsorbent, natural zeolite from the Lombok island Indonesia was used. Zeolite is used for the purpose of purifying biogas produced from the anaerobic digestion (AD) process. To enhance the...

biogas purification Lombok zeolite +2 more

The influence of nZVI composites as immobilizing agents on the bioavailability of heavy metals and plant growth in mining metal-contaminated soil

by

441106289@student.ksu.edu.sa et al. View all

Nanomaterials in the environment: applications and effects

Under the greenhouse scale, nano zero valent iron (nZVI) have been evaluated evaluated by formulation with carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC-nZVI), chitosan (Ch-nZVI), biochar (BC-nZVI), and smectite (SC-nZVI) at rates of 0 and 0.5 and 1% (w/w). The properties of manufactured compounds and their impact...

nZVI based composite materials Heavy metal +3 more

Determination of the Biowall Effective Area to Induce Holistic Sensory Comfort

by

20a30016@student.unika.ac.id et al. View all

Environmental data analysis and modelling

Biowalls are a new phenomenon in interior urban areas, which has proven to contribute positively to sensory comfort. But people use biowalls in different dimensions. Based on field facts, determining the biowall dimensions for human sensory comfort has not emphasized clear principles. The research...

Biowall Biowall Area +5 more

Enhancing sunflower resilience: Zinc-solubilizing bacteria mitigate cadmium uptake and translocation

by

Azhar Hussain and Rashid Iqbal et al. View all

Ecology, environmental change and management

Cadmium (Cd) is a highly hazardous metal known for its easy absorption and accumulation in plants, particularly in edible vegetable oils. Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) holds global significance as an oil crop. This study aims to assess the potential of zinc-solubilizing bacterial strains in...

cadmium Translocation +3 more

Permeability characteristics and mechanism of tungsten tailings treated by the acid solutions

by

Shanmei Li et al. View all

Environmental Health

Most of the tungsten tailings (TTs) are filled in the open. As a result, the phenomenon that acid rain influences the engineering geological characteristics of tungsten tailings is impossible to avoid, especially in southern China, where acid rain occurs frequently. This work studied the...

permeability coefficient acid solution +1 more

Investigation of Zero Waste Management Behavior in Turkey

by

Bahar IKIZOGLU et al. View all

Solid Waste Management

Population growth, industrialization and technological advances have significantly increased waste production, waste collection, transportation and disposal induced significant costs. Waste could be considered a resource that allows nations to reduce the consumption of primary raw materials, protect...

zero waste management survey +2 more

Insights into polybrominated diphenyl ethers: occurrence, sources, and exposure health risk in selected solid waste impacted soils

by

Onoriode O. Emoyan et al. View all

Solid Waste Management

The Coordinated management of solid waste dumps from different anthropogenic environments is important for pollution management of immediate and adjacent ecosystems. This study took three soil profile samples from three functional zones: the rural, the suburban, and the urban solid waste dumps. The...

PBDEs occurrence soil pollution +3 more

Pine cone ash stabilization of expansive soils

by

Abiola Ayopo Abiodun et al. View all

Solid Waste Management

The use of appropriate waste materials to stabilize problematic soils, such as expansive soils that are responsible for geotechnical damage, is a common practice in geotechnical engineering. This study presents the use of pulverized ash from the combustion of pine cone (PC) waste as a stabilizing...

Compressive strength expansive soils +4 more

Experimental study of biodegradability of organic waste with industrial waste combined with effluents: a comparison by vermicomposting technology

by

Vivek. S et al. View all

Solid Waste Management

Vermicomposting is a mesophilic biooxidation and stabilization process of organic materials that involves the joint action of earthworm and microorganism. An experiment was conducted to prepare vermicompost using partially decomposed organic waste such as MSW, fruit waste, vegetable waste and yard...

Vegetable waste Yard waste +6 more

Effect of zinc industrial waste on the mechanical and microstructural properties of the ternary blended concrete

by

Elavenil Solaiyan et al. View all

Solid Waste Management

The rapid growth of infrastructure leads to industrial waste accumulation and natural resource depletion, raising the need for sustainable solutions. When zinc is refined, a significant amount of non-biodegradable material called jarosite (JS) is generated, requiring proper environmentally friendly...

Jarosite industrial waste +2 more

A Deep Learning-Based Buffalo Optimizer based Squeeze and Excitation Network for Garbage Classification for a Sustainable Environment

by

Subhashini R et al. View all

Solid Waste Management

A Squeeze and Excitation Network is a deep-learning architectural component designed to enhance networks. The "squeeze" step reduces the spatial dimensions of the input feature maps, and the "excitation" step adaptively recalibrates channel-wise feature responses. This allows the network to focus on...

Smart garbage management Deep learning +2 more

Anaerobic co-digestion of low Chemical oxygen demand concentration sludge mixture by different pretreatment methods

by

Wenhai Lin et al. View all

Biowaste

Three laboratory scale systems were operated to study the anaerobic co-digestion of sewage sludge with the excess activated sludge and cattle manure which contained low COD concentration. The experiments were performed to evaluate the effects of different methods of pretreatment. Since the poor...

Anaerobic digestion Manure +4 more

Development of a novel green waste compost stability monitoring method using the CIELAB color model

by

Dimosthenis Tsivas et al. View all

Solid Waste Management

Compost stability is an essential parameter of composting. Recent studies have shown that the color of compost is influenced by the initial characteristics of the main organic substrates. In this study, the progression of CIELAB color variables and typical compost stability and maturity indices were...

Green Waste composting CIELAB color model +1 more

Synergistic effects of microbes and plant for remediation of chromium contaminated soil

by

Dr. V. Ravisankar et al. View all

Soil and groundwater contamination and remediation

The contamination of soil is a serious issue to the environment caused by the human activities in the form of improper disposal methods. There are several contaminated dumpsites in India where, hazardous and other wastes contains heavy metal were dumped historically, which subsequently results in...

Heavy metal chromium +4 more

Kinetic Model of Anaerobic Digestion from Chicken Manure and Thai Rice Noodle Wastewater in Continuous Reactors

by

Sunwanee Jijai et al. View all

Environmental data analysis and modelling

A kinetic model was used to describe the anaerobic co-digestion of chicken manure (CM) and Thai rice noodle wastewater (TRNW) in continuous reactors. This research investigated the effects of mixing interval and hydraulic retention time (HRT) on methane production and other related kinetic...

Kinetic Model Anaerobic digestion +2 more

Improving heavy metal removal efficiency from steel sludge: Application of the coupled ultrasonic-bioleaching treatment

by

Roya Mafigholami et al. View all

Water and Wastewater Treatment

This study assessed the efficiency of Fe, Al, Ni and Sr removal from the steel sludge using the coupled bioleaching with Thiobacillus thiooxidans and ultrasonic waves. Growth conditions were optimized using the surface response method. The bacterium was adapted successively to three heavy metal...

Bioleaching Heavy metals +3 more

Efficiency of Food Waste Activated Carbon in Treating Biodiesel Plant Effluent: Impact on Process Conditions and NaOH Recovery

by

Dawn S S et al. View all

Water and Wastewater Treatment

In work illustrated, the mixed food reject was carbonized and further activated with zinc chloride for biodiesel washwater treatment experiments. Biodiesel washwater is one of the significant side streams generated during biodiesel production from waste cooking oil. The food waste activated carbon...

Biodiesel washwater Activated carbon +3 more

Anaerobic Digestion of Corn Stover Pretreated with Sulfuric Acid in Different Soaking Durations

by

Lukhi Mulia Shitophyta et al. View all

Biowaste

The biogas production of pretreated corn stover has been determined in different soaking durations. Batch anaerobic digestion applies three different soaking durations in sulfuric acid pretreatment under room temperature. The study aimed to probe the effect of soaking durations during sulfuric acid...

acid pretreatment Biogas +3 more