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Adsorption and Kinetics Studies of Cu (II) ions Removal from Aqueous Solution by Untreated and Treated Sugarcane Bagasse

  • Authors
    Idowu M.
    Omeike S.
    Akinwunmi F.
    Akiode O.Corresponding
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  • gnest_01628_published.pdf
  • Paper ID
    gnest_01628
  • Paper status
    Published
  • Date paper accepted
  • Date paper online
Abstract

Adsorption of Cu (II) ions by untreated sugarcane bagasse (USCB) and treated sugarcane bagasse (TSCB) was investigated. Sugarcane bagasse was treated with 0.1M oxalic acid prior to TSCB adsorption studies. Dependence of Cu (II) adsorption on pH, contact time, temperature and initial concentration of adsorbate solution were also investigated. Optimum pH 2 and contact time of 100 minutes were observed for both USCB and TSCB, while Cu II sorption increased with temperature. Under optimum condition, TSCB adsorbed Cu (II) ions better than USCB (1.854mgg-1and 0.556mgg-1respectively). Thermodynamic investigations showed that Cu (II) adsorption was feasible, spontaneous and endothermic. Kinetic data was adequately described by Ho’s pseudo-second-order kinetic model while intra-particle diffusion model described a slow adsorption affinity. It was concluded that Cu (II) adsorption by sugarcane bagasse is a favourable chemisorption process and was well explained by both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms.