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High frequency ultrasound waves for degradation of amoxicillin in the presence of hydrogen peroxides for industrial pharmaceutical wastewater treatment

Paper Topic: 
Water Quality

Pages :
805 - 813

Corresponing Author: 
Mohammed Matouq
Matouq M, Tomohiko Tagawa, Nii Susumu
Paper ID: 
Paper Status: 
Date Paper Accepted: 
Paper online: 

Amoxicillin degradation with and without high frequency ultrasound waves of 2.4 MHz has been investigated. The concentration of amoxicillin was selected to be similar to that of outlet wastewater effluent concentration in pharmaceutical industry namely 50 and 100 ppm. The application of ultrasound waves together with the addition of hydrogen peroxide H2O2 increased the rate of degradation of antibiotic amoxicillin. The doses of H2O2 used were 5, 2, 1, and 0.1 ml in a solution of 50 ml of amoxicillin. The study showed that ultrasound waves and H2O2 had improved amoxicillin degradation. The ultrasound has improved the degradation rate more than two times in comparison to amoxicillin solution without ultrasound waves. This degradation rate has been achieved within 90 minutes. 


ultrasound, high frequency ultrasound waves, amoxicillin, degradations, antibiotics, pharmaceutical wastewater treatment, industrial wastewater, hydrogen peroxides, amoxicillin hydrogen peroxide reaction