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The fluxes and distribution of molybdenum in a mountainous fir forest in two hydrological years

Paper Topic: 
Environmental Sciences
 
Volume: 
 
 

Pages :
15 - 21

Corresponing Author: 
Panagiotis Michopoulos
 
Authors: 
Michopoulos P. Kostakis M. Bourletsikas A. Kaoukis K. Karetsos G. Thomaidis N.S. Nisianakis P.
Paper ID: 
gnest_03237
Paper Status: 
Published
Date Paper Accepted: 
14/12/2019
Paper online: 
19/12/2019
Abstract: 

The distribution, stocks and fluxes of Mo were examined in a mountainous fir forest in Greece in two hydrological years. In both years, the fluxes of Mo in throughfall were lower than those in bulk deposition implying Mo retention and probably uptake by tree canopies. The Mo concentration was appreciable in soil solution but its fluxes were lower than those in throughfall. The Mo fluxes in both bulk and throughfall deposition were higher than those in litterfall, a finding that stresses the importance of the hydrological cycle for this metal. The Mo concentration in the older twigs in the standing trees were higher than the current year ones most probably due to the existence of dry deposition. The concentrations of total Mo in soils reflected the nature of the sedimentary rocks underlying the soil and increased with depth following the clay concentration gradient. The available (oxalate extractable) Mo in soils ranged from 3% to 14% of the total Mo. In terms of the stocks of Mo, the soil had by far the highest values in both total and available Mo. The needs of the fir plants for Mo uptake are covered by the available Mo in the mineral soil layers, whereas the Mo content in the organic horizon may not be adequate for this purpose.

Keywords: 
Molybdenum, fir, deposition, vegetation, litterfall, soil