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A preliminary effort to reduce carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from diesel exhaust by using different blends of diesel and synthesized Biodiesel

Paper Topic: 
Environmental Sciences
 

Pages :
-

Corresponing Author: 
Vaneet Kumar
 
Authors: 
Kumar V., Vikas P., Saruchi, Sharma R., Masih A. and Kothiyal N.C.
Paper ID: 
gnest_02549
Paper Status: 
In press
Date Paper Accepted: 
14/04/2018
Paper online: 
06/08/2018
Abstract: 

In the present investigation, an attempt for the reduction of six hazardous air Pollutants (HAPs) from diesel exhaust by different blends of diesel and biodiesel has been made. The synthesis of biodiesel has been done from Jetrofa, Linseed Castor and Karanja oils which are commonly used in the Indian market. Blending of diesel with biodiesel was done in different ratios (20 to 40 %) for the estimation of carcinogenic HAPs from the exhaust of a Honda engine (EBK 2010AC Model). The order of HAPs emission from engine exhaust by using diverse blends were Diesel>Jatropha-diesel>Linseed-diesel>Castor-diesel> Karanja-diesel. The maximum reduction of HAPs was established in the following ratio 40% (Biodiesel):60% (Diesel). B(a)P and Chrysene were the two individual aromatic hydrocarbons (AHCs) found in higher concentration in almost all blending fuels, ranging between 50 ng/µl to 101.1 ng/µl. The emission of almost all AHCs reduces by Blending of Diesel with Biodiesel. This was the first comprehensive information which showed the reduction of carcinogenic pollutants from diesel exhaust.

Keywords: 
HAPs, AHCs, Diesel, Biodiesel, Carcinogenicity