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Impacts of climate variability and land-use change on hydrology in the period 1981-2009 in the central highlands of Vietnam

Paper Topic: 
Hydrology
 
Volume: 
 
Issue: 
 

Pages :
870 - 881

Corresponing Author: 
Dao Nguyen Khoi
 
Authors: 
Khoi D.N. and Thom V.T.
Paper ID: 
gnest_01706
Paper Status: 
Published
Date Paper Accepted: 
28/11/2015
Paper online: 
16/12/2015
Abstract: 

In this study, we investigated the separate and combined impacts of climate and land-use changes on hydrological response in the Central Highlands of Vietnam during the period 1981-2009. The Mann-Kendall and Pettit tests were applied to detect the trends in the hydro-meteorological data. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) was setup in the region, and evaluation based on daily data highlights the models adequacy. From this, the responses of hydrology to climate variability and land-use changes were considered. Overall, variability in climate seems to strongly drive the variability in the hydrological response in comparison to alternations in the hydrological regime due to land-use change during the period 1981-2009. The results indicate that land-use change had a minor impact on the annual flow (0.4% reduction), whilst the impact from climate variability had been more significant (13.5% change). Under the impact of coupled climate variability and land-use change, the annual streamflow increased by 13.1%.

 

Keywords: 
climate variability; hydrology; land-use change; Srepok River Basin; SWAT model