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Application of sludge, organic solid wastes and yard trimmings in aerobic compost piles

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Pages :
405 - 411

Chazirakis P., Giannis A., Gidarakos E., Wang J.-Y. and Stegmann R.
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The effects of different mixture ratios of sewage sludge (SS), organic fraction of municipal solid
waste (OFMSW) and yard trimmings (YT) on the performance of composting process were
investigated in this study. The high water content and the proper carbon/nitrogen ratio make sludge
ideal for this procedure, improving the characteristics of the initial composting mixture. OFMSW and
YT enable the production of a quality product that may be used as a soil conditioner. Therefore, piles
of about 1 m3 were prepared by mixing OFMSW, SS and YT in four different ratios (w/w) [only
OFMSW, OFMSW:SS = 2:1, OFMSW:SS:YT = 3:1:2, and OFMSW:SS:YT = 4:1:2]. The piles were
kept in controlled aerobic conditions for 10 weeks. The temperature of the piles was measured daily
(for the first 4 weeks) and ranged between 60-70 oC, while air was provided to the piles by
mechanical turning. Results showed that the pile OFMSW:SS:GW = 3:1:2 was most beneficial in
composting, since its ability to accumulate and retain heat and achieve high organic matter
degradation. The final compost products contained C/N ratio less than 15 indicating that achieved
mature and stable products. The heavy metal contents in the final composts were several times
lower than regulation limits.

co-composting, organic solid waste, sewage sludge, yard trimmings, phytotoxicity